Six years after Framework Agreement, NSCN-IM wants PM Modi to Restore Confidence, Action his Words

As a mark of protest against the GoI for keeping silent on FA even after 6 years, the NSCN-IM has called a total closure of shops and business establishments in all Naga inhabited areas starting today midnight till Wednesday 12:00 noon.

On the sixth anniversary of the signing of the historic Framework Agreement, NSCN-IM has alleged that there is no point talking with the officials of Ministry of Home Affairs as the informal talk remain a mere talk devoid of any substance.

“It is high time that the FA is again brought to the courtyard of Modi for his final perusal and follow up action to take the Indo-Naga Political talks under his direct command,” a statement of NSCN-IM on Monday said.

In his speech, Prime Minister Modi said, “We have continued to look at each other through the prism of false perception and old prejudices. The result was that connectivity between Nagaland and the rest of India remain weak across this divide,” NSCN quoted as saying.

It then said that for all practical purposes, in order to find lasting Naga solution, Prime minister Narendra Modi will have to look through the prism of the Framework Agreement and no other way. “He must come up boldly to face the situation created by his own zeal to solve Indo-Naga problem.”

“Today’s agreement, referring to FA, is a shining example of what we can achieve when we deal with each other in a spirit of equality and respect, trust and confidence; when we seek to understand concerns and try to address aspirations; when we leave the path of dispute and take the high road of dialogue. It is a lesson and an inspiration in our troubled world,” it quoted PM Modi of making the bold statment.

Against these backdrop, NSCN-IM would want PM Modi to act on what he had just said six year ago today. “It is time that action should speak louder than words. Misinterpretation of the FA to suit the convenience of the Government of India would simply rip apart the Indians and Nagas with no meeting point.”

Six years down the line, NSCN have stood the ground to defend the FA against any manipulation or misinterpretation, it asserted.

Prime Minister Modi had shown his confidence and pride in signing the FA that he made it sure that the signing ceremony is live-telecast to make the whole world witness the historic agreement. He even generated much amusement among the opposition parties when he informed them that he had solved the longest running insurgency movement in Southeast Asia by the stroke of pen signing the Framework Agreement.

Stating that the much hyped Framework Agreement has entered 6th straight years without getting any positive response from the Government of India (GoI) for the necessary follow up action to concretize into a solid official document as transitional arrangement for the final settlement of Naga political issue, it said, “We have patiently waited for six-long years. Six years is a long period in any sense of the term.”

Given the complexity of the issue, Naga people are, however, patient enough waiting for GoI to act upon its own commitment. The ball is, therefore, with the court of the Government of India, and not with the National Socialist Council of Nagalim (NSCN).

Significantly, the FA was the fruition of the grueling rounds of discussions to set the Indo-Naga political talks on firm footing in order to take the Naga issue for an honorable and acceptable solution to both the parties. Now the time has come again calling upon the Government of India to open the door for executing the FA with all honesty and not resort to misinterpretation to suit its own convenience, the statement read.

It may be recalled that a historic breakthrough was made on the 11th July, 2002 at Amsterdam (Netherlands) talks by the Government of India and National Socialist Council of Nagalim (NSCN). “The Government of India represented by Mr. K. Padmanabhaiah formally recognized the “unique history and situation of the Naga people.”

Significantly, this official recognition became a matter of political exigency as demanded by the situation, it pointed out.

Revisiting the Indo-Naga political talks, it said that the growing temperament of the Indo-Naga political talks brought both the parties to realise that the guts to face the realities are extremely essential to solve the problem of the magnitude of Indo-Naga political issue.

For the NSCN, the recognition of the unique history and situation of the Naga people mean it recognises the very principle that is indispensable to the real start of the political negotiation. More importantly, any agreement that ignores the unique history of the Nagas will not lead to any constructive resolution. Henceforth, the Indo-Naga political talk was taken up in a serious business-like manner.

Also read: NSCN-IM calls for total shutdown in Nagalim

It was after more than ten (10) years of negotiation following the official recognition of the unique history and situation of the Nagas when the talks reached deadlock-like situation with no side willing to compromise as both the Indian and Naga leaders took their respective parallel stands never to meet whatsoever, it recalled.

The stand of the GoI was – ‘solution within the parameter of the Indian Constitution and Union of India’, whereas the stand of the Nagas was-‘nothing to do with India, nothing short of total independence and total sovereignty’.

Finally, after a long series of talks, the Government of India proposed the Framework Agreement as a formula of win-win solution, it maintained, adding that all the successive Prime Ministers of India understands that Nagas will not merge with the Union of India, but they are willing to coexist with the Union of India. More than that, they are also well informed of it that the Nagas will not accept the Indian Constitution, though they are not opposed to sharing sovereign power with India.

Ultimately, when the Framework Agreement was signed on the 3rd August, 2015 there was much jubilation among the RSS/BJP and other political leaders. Equally excited are the Naga people, the Nagas across Nagalim.

Significantly, the Framework Agreement is the meeting point of the two sovereign peoples.

Sensible Nagas understand that this is one of the options where the Indians and Nagas can come closer to each other because it serves the purposes of both the parties. And therefore, it would be a great loss for them if they betray the Framework Agreement and prioritize the modified 16-Points Agreement. And they will miss the golden chance of Naga solution that is honorable and acceptable to both India and Naga people, it asserted.

But for the Nagas, we have taken the stand to keep the pot boiling till the Framework Agreement is push ahead in a meaningful manner.

The irony of the situation was apparent to everyone as the Prime Minister of India Mr. Narendra Modi is now being carefully watched if he will live up to his high profile Framework Agreement speech.

During the meeting of NSCN and the Core Committee set up by the Nagaland state Legislative Assembly it was reiterated by NSCN team led by the General Secretary, Mr. Th. Muivah that the Framework Agreement would be the basis of final solution with the Government of India because the FA is inclusive of everything to make the Naga solution that is honourable and acceptable to both the parties. It was for this reason that NSCN has steadfastly guarded FA not to allow the Government of India to make any strategic diversion under any pretext.

Unity of the Naga people should also be based on the Framework Agreement to safe guard the sanctity of the Naga political history that was built through blood, sweat and tears.

Significantly, the FA was signed under the direct supervision of Prime Minister Modi at his official residence, New Delhi.

It is high time that the FA is again brought to the courtyard of Modi for his final perusal and follow up action to take the Indo-Naga Political talks under his direct command. There is no point talking with the officials of the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA), GoI as the informal talk is leading to nowhere other than beating around the bush, it decried.

The political exigency is for the Prime Minister Mr. Narendra Modi to appoint his representative(s) to pick up the political talk with NSCN talk team and take the Framework Agreement to a logical conclusion.

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All said and done, the Framework Agreement is the best formula to establish a new relationship for peaceful coexistence of the two entities (India and Nagalim) on the basis of shared sovereignty which signifies that the Nagas are sovereign people. It is the culmination of the history of the Naga political struggle when the Nagas declared the Naga Independence Day on the 14th August, 1947 and telegraphic message sent to the UNO (United Nations Organizations) and the Government of India and all the foreign embassies based in Delhi, followed by the Naga Plebiscite on the 16th May, 1951 with 99.9% votes that favoured sovereign independence and finally Nagalim headed by NSCN becoming a bona fide member of the UNPO (Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization) on the 23rd January, 1993 on the strength of historical and political legitimacy. All these historical records testify that the Nagas were never a part of India.

Given the critical importance of the Framework Agreement that defines Naga people’s political identity, the Nagas will stand guard to protect the sanctity of the FA and will abide by its principles of the Framework Agreement- nothing above and nothing below the Framework Agreement.

It is our conviction that only the principle of the FA is the key to an honourable and acceptable solution for durable peace. Neither economic packages nor imposed political packages will bring about lasting solution. There are no other tangible options we can conceive. The Government of India should, therefore, think beyond its shoulder if they are serious to go for a long term Indo-Naga political solution.

For the Naga people the question of being too rigid and not flexible enough does not arise as the issue circle around the Naga people’s determined stands of protecting the political identity of the Naga nationhood represented by the Naga national flag and Yehzabo (Constitution). The very fact that the Nagas are not rigid had taken the Indo-Naga political talk this far. The pressing irony is that without the Naga national flag and Yehzabo, everything discussed and agreed upon shall be nullified. More than that, the Framework Agreement should not be twisted to project that it is under the purview of Indian Constitution.

The Naga history is very clear before the world as the Nagas had not surrendered their sovereignty nor decided to join the Indian Union. The question of having accepted Indian Constitution also does not arise. It was India who sent thousands of Indian Army personnel to force the Nagas to join the Indian Union. This factual state of history is being accepted and settled by signing the indelible Framework Agreement to set the ground for the meeting point to enter into Government of India official record (gazette).

It is on record that all the past agreements on Naga political issue ended up in failure. The 9 Points Agreement of 1947, the 16 Points Agreement of 1960 and the Shillong Accord of 1975 failed to get the support of the Naga people as these agreements comes short of Naga people’s historical and political rights.

The Framework Agreement was the fresh attempt after more than two decades of the Indo-Naga political negotiations and the most credible agreement that match the political right of the Naga people across Nagalim. This is the reason why NSCN is determined to stick to the Framework Agreement without any dilution to usher in permanent peace and development not only in Nagalim but in the whole Northeast region, it added.

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